Renew or Reload? Continuity and Change in Italian Defence Policy

We have already examined the 2015 Italian White Paper in a previous post. Now, together with Andrea Locatelli, we have published a more detailed analysis of the latest Italian strategic documents (White Paper 2002 and White Paper 2015).

Here you’ll find the paper, which is a EUI – RCSAS (The Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies) Working Paper. Here below the abstract:

How do countries adapt their overall defence policy to deal with mutating scenarios? In this paper, as part of a broader research agenda, we try to address these questions focusing specifically on the evolution of Italian defence policy as it evolved since 2001. The focus of the paper is on the evolution of national doctrine as it emerges from the analysis of strategic doctrine. What we look at here is the “process of translation” from the political to the military level, as embodied by key political strategic documents, and its evolution over time. To do so, the paper examines the Italian White Papers on Defence of 2002 and 2015 through qualitative and quantitative (content) analysis.

Here you’ll find additional info on the paper.

As highlighted in the conclusions of the article: “With reference to change, the recognition of terrorism, and its link with the upheavals occurred (and still occurring) in the Mediterranean and the Middle East, has assumed an even more central role. Coherently, the military instrument is conceived overall as an expeditionary, mission-oriented force: to that end, “jointness” and “interoperability” become central features in the design of force structure and posture. One can also find, in the new document, evidence of a revival of some “old” concepts, such as “national interest”. Here, it seems that such a notion entails attention on the defence industry, and the broader security-industrial apparatus, as a key element in the design, and for the effective implementation, of defense policy […]”

Finally, in the paper you’ll find also tables and charts related to our content analysis of the documents. Here below, for example, you’ll find the chart related to the perceived threats in the white papers.

Schermata 2016-01-12 alle 11.52.10

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